Robert M. Milstein et al. (1980), “Prediction of interview ratings in a medical school admission process,” Journal of Medical Education, 55, 451-453, and
Robert M. Milstein et al. (1981), “Admission decisions and performance during medical school,” Journal of Medical Education, 56, 77-82.
Many millions of dollars are spent each year on the
use of personal interviews for admission to medical school. The major
purpose of these interviews is to predict which applicants will be most
successful at school. The 1980 study found that differences between
interviewer and interviewee were of major importance. The greater the
difference, the lower the prediction of success. The 1981 study examined
24 applicants who were interviewed and accepted at Yale's School of
Medicine, but who went elsewhere to medical school (AYEs). They were
compared with 27 applicants interviewed and rejected by Yale who also went
elsewhere to medical school (NAYs). No differences were found between the
medical school performance of AYEs and NAYs. That is, for predictive
purposes, the interview was worthless. This study did a good job of
eliminating alternative explanations. The conclusion is consistent with
the research on personnel interviewing in businesses.